History Of Barcelona

Barcelona – capital of Catalonia region in northeastern Spain. The city was founded by Iberian tribes that lived in the second millennium BC Spain. Hamilcar Barca (one of the most ancient generals) made the city a base for attacks on the Roman Republic, and gave the city its name. After the Second Punic War in Spain, the Romans came, they did not rename the town. In Roman times the city was called – 'Colony Bars August '. The Romans greatly expanded the city. The remains of the Roman Forum and today can be viewed on the square of Sant Jaume, a Roman wall can be viewed near the cathedral and the royal palace. Yet in the Roman period its history, Barcelona remained in the shadow of other cities in Spain.

The Romans in Spain changed the Ostrogoths, and those in turn Moors. In the year 850 the Franks captured the city of Barcelona, who have decided to establish a series of buffer states between its Empire and the Moors, which would prevent further invasion of the Muslims. Since Barcelona was the center of the county of Barcelona, and the first Margrave of Barcelona, Wilfred was hairy, whose descendants ruled the city the next 500 years. From that moment began the rise and prosperity of the city. Barcelona, thanks to its convenient bay, quickly became an important center of commerce in the Mediterranean. In the early medieval period the area Catalonia has expanded greatly thanks to a successful dynastic marriages, and military campaigns.

Particularly distinguished Zhuame first nicknamed the Conqueror. He managed to win the Mallorca, Ibiza, and Tarragona (city about a hundred kilometers south of Barcelona). But residents like Bareselony this king in the first place because he forced the nobles of Catalonia pay taxes on a par with ordinary citizens of Catalonia. Incidentally, the County of Barcelona in the Middle Century – it is quite a democratic state. Suffice it to mention only that their parliament in Barcelona has acquired in the 13th century.

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